In Peru, the natural gas vehicle (NGV) market has transitioned from a new market in 2005 through years of major expansion to achieve an average of 7.5% growth per annum over the past three years. 2019 looks set to continue that trend. According to information supplied by INFOGAS for the end of April 2019, 281,194 vehicles have now been converted to CNG operation, of which 277,338 are recorded as being active (not deregistered).
From January to April this year, 7,400 vehicles have been converted. In 2018 and in 2017, 19,110 and 17,991 vehicles were converted to Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) respectively. For 97.5% (18,629) of conversions in 2018 were cars. In addition there were 92 trucks, 352 public transport vehicles, 32 were three-wheeler mototaxis and the remainder (5) were unspecified.
Of the 19,110 vehicles that commenced using CNG in 2018, 3165 were either factory-built NGVs (1,240) or converted prior to first sale (1,925).
Lima and Callao are by far the dominant location for NGV activity, where more than 95% of new NGVs were registered in 2018.
Currently, there are 324 CNG filling stations and 162 conversion workshops in the country.
INFOGAS and NGV in Peru
INFOGAS, a government agency, manages the information generated by the participants of the NGV commercial chain in Peru, from vehicular users, suppliers of conversion equipment and new cars to NGV stations and other involved agents. It also overseas compliance matters.
When an NGV first enters use, whether originating from a sales floor or conversion workshop, it is assigned a unique electronic device (chip) which handles all the information necessary to properly secure the vehicle. Transference to another vehicle is strictly prohibited.
Each NGV must undergo an annual mandatory review at an authorised workshop. This is a review of the complete vehicle based on the NGV system installed. Failure to comply before the due date results in the chip being automatically blocked.
In addition, cylinders are inspected under a separate review cycle. The cylinders type GNV-1 must be submitted for inspection every 5 years and the GNV-2, GNV-3 and GNV-4 every 4 years; in all cases, the date of revision of the cylinder is counted from the date of manufacture or since its last revision in a Periodic Cylinder Retest Center. Upon expiration of the date without the cylinder passing the check, the vehicle will be blocked.
Related article: Peru Sets Up Funding for Conversion of Cars to CNG