European Study Shows Renewable Gas Can Achieve Net Zero GHG Emissions by 2050

| The Netherlands, Groningen

“…there is a role to play for renewable gas in the form of bio-CNG/LNG, as an efficient, sustainable and scalable alternative to other energy dense fuels.”

A new study — Gas for Climate : How gas can help to achieve the Paris Agreement target in an affordable way — published by the Gas for Climate initiative, sets out a plan to meet the Paris Agreement target in a cost-effective way. It focuses on using renewable gas in existing gas infrastructure for the heating of buildings, to produce dispatchable electricity as a complement to wind and solar, and to fuel heavy transport.

Using existing gas infrastructure to reduce Europe’s greenhouse gas emissions to net-zero by mid-century can will enable compliance with the Paris Agreement to keep global warming well below 2°C, avoiding dangerous levels of climate change. The report authors propose that renewable gas could save about €140 billion annually by 2050 compared to a future energy system without any gas.

Initiated mid-2017, the Gas for Climate group consists of seven leading European gas transport companies (Enagás, Fluxys Belgium, Gasunie, GRTgaz, Open Grid Europe, Snam and TIGF) and two renewable gas industry associations (European Biogas Association and Consorzio Italiano Biogas). Gas for Climate commissioned Ecofys, a Navigant company, to prepare a study into the future role of gas in a net-zero emissions energy system.

Their study shows that it is possible to scale up renewable gas production between now and 2050 to more than 120 billion cubic metres annually, including both renewable hydrogen and biomethane. The biomethane potential is based on an early and conservative scenario on the sustainable use of European biomass potential.

Report extract: “Ecofys modelled the societal cost savings that can be achieved by using just 77 out of the 122 bcm of renewable methane and hydrogen in existing gas infrastructure to heat buildings, produce electricity and fuel heavy transport. Of this, 5 bcm allocated to transport is cost-neutral compared to biofuel, while providing a sustainable and scalable alternative to decarbonise heavy transport [trucks and shipping].”

The CEOs of the nine Gas for Climate members (Marco Alverà, Snam; Marcelino Oreja Arburúa, Enagás; Dr. Jörg Bergmann, Open Grid Europe; Pascal De Buck, Fluxys Belgium; Han Fennema, Gasunie; Piero Gattoni, Consorzio Italiano Biogas; Dominique Mockly, TIGF; Jan Štambaský, European Biogas Association; Thierry Trouvé, GRTgaz) jointly declared:

“We are committed to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions in the EU by 2050 to meet the Paris Agreement target. Renewable gas used in existing gas infrastructure can play an important role in this.

“We want to facilitate a large scale-up of EU produced renewable hydrogen and biomethane that is transported, stored and distributed through existing gas infrastructure to be used in our energy system in a smart combination with renewable electricity. This will help Europe to meet the Paris Agreement target at the lowest possible costs while enhancing Europe’s energy security.”

Link to the Study:

Source: Gas for Climate

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