Drive from Helsinki to Monaco on Biomethane
Biomethane is the only 100% biofuel available in public filling stations in Finland. To facilitate the use of biomethane through the CBG100 network (CBG100 = 100 % Compressed BioGas) the Finnish Biogas Association has published a map of the stations.
The map is a part of a European wide work. In Europe there are already hundreds of biomethane filling stations, but in many cases finding them is not easy for the general public. For that reason the Finnish Biogas Association published in October a proposal to develop the European network and a proposal to renew the glossary of methane fuels in marketing.
“At the moment it is possible to drive for example from Helsinki to Monaco using waste based 100% biogas (CBG100). There are almost 1000 CBG filling stations in Europe of which almost 300 are CBG100 stations (the rest offer blends with natural gas, such as CBG10 and CBG50). As there also are almost 3 000 CNG filling stations, each of which could offer CBG – and CBG can be easily transported by pipelines, trucks, trains and ships – the existing CBG100 network could be expanded multiple times within a few years.” (extract from the European Network proposal – page 3)
The first step is to create CBG100 station maps in each country where such stations exist. The Finnish map of public CBG100 stations is available by clicking here. For each station the map contains information on the source of biomethane sold there, location, seller and payment options.
There are now 20 public CBG100 filling stations in Finland. They are operated by four companies: private company Metener since 2002 (1 station), state company Gasum since 2011 (17 stations), municipal company Haminan Energia since 2013 (1 station) and private company Envor Biotech since 2013 (1 station). In addition, there are two private CBG100 stations, which are not marked in the map. They are operated by Gasum and private company Metaenergia. Thus, CBG100 is sold by five companies. It is sold in kilograms. Price of CBG100 in public stations varies between 1.205 to 1.505 euros/kg.
There are five biogas upgrading plants in Finland. All of them have different owners and operators. They are located in Laukaa (Metener, 2002), Kouvola (KSS Energia, 2011), Haapajärvi (Metaenergia, 2012), Espoo (Gasum, 2012) and Forssa (Envor Biotech, 2013). The first four are based on water scrubbers and the last one is membrane based. Two of these plants inject upgraded biogas into the national gas pipeline and three supply filling stations directly. Total upgrading capacity is about 1000 Nm3/h.
Biomethane sold in 17 public stations originates from municipal sewage and solid municipal biowaste. In one station the gas derives from agricultural and industrial biowaste, in one station it is made of household and industrial biowaste and in one station it is made of municipal sewage.
In 2014 there are plans to open at least four new public CBG100 stations by four different operators, of which three are new. Their approximate locations are available on the map. Of these stations three are outside of the gas pipeline.
The map also allows viewing Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) filling stations. There is only one filling station in Finland selling natural gas only.
In Finland biomethane blends are not available; biomethane is always sold as 100% fuel, i.e. CBG100. In 17 of the CBG100 stations, also CNG is sold: the customer is given the choice. In 3 stations only CBG100 is available.
All stations have NGV1 connectors. In two stations (Helsinki-1 and Helsinki-4) NGV2 connection is also available (for trucks and buses).
(Source: Finnish Biogas Association)